February 27, 2023 to March 3, 2023
Europe/Moscow timezone

$\Lambda$ Polarization and Vortex Rings in Heavy-Ion Collisions at NICA Energies

Feb 28, 2023, 12:10 PM
Blokhintsev Auditorium, 4th floor

Blokhintsev Auditorium, 4th floor



Prof. Yuri B. Ivanov (BLTP JINR)


We review recent studies of vortical motion and the resulting polarization of $\Lambda$ hyperons in heavy-ion collisions at NICA energies, in particular, within the model of three-fluid dynamics (3FD). This includes predictions of the global $\Lambda$ polarization and ring structures that appear in Au+Au collisions. The global $\Lambda$ polarization in Au+Au collisions is calculated, including its rapidity and centrality dependence. Contributions from the thermal vorticity and meson-field term (proposed by Csernai, Kapusta and Welle) to the global polarization are considered. The results are compared with data from recent STAR and HADES experiments. It is predicted that the polarization maximum is reached at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}\approx$ 3 GeV, if the measurements are performed with the same acceptance. It is demonstrated that a pare of vortex rings are formed, one at forward and another at backward rapidities, in ultra-central Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}>$ 4 GeV. The vortex rings carry information about early stage of the collision, in particular about the stopping of baryons. It is shown that these rings can be detected by measuring the ring observable $R_\Lambda$ even in midrapidity region %$0

Primary author

Prof. Yuri B. Ivanov (BLTP JINR)

Presentation materials