In situ wind speed nowcasting using data-driven approach.

Jul 7, 2022, 5:50 PM
Presentation Track 3. Machine Learning in Natural Sciences Session 3. Machine learning in Biology and Other Natural Sciences


Viktor Golikov


The weather forecast has a significant impact on a variety of human industries. In particular, knowledge of the short-term wind speed conditions is essential for fishery, energy management, surfing and others. One of the most effective neural network models for time series forecasting is LSTM (Long short-term memory), however, the accuracy of its forecast decreases significantly with increasing forecasting range. At the same time, numerical models based on physical laws make it possible to achieve accurate results even over long-term intervals. In an attempt to combine these 2 types of models, an LSTM-based neural network was developed using wind speed data at the forecast point and atmospheric parameters in a domain of size covering mesoscale wind events. Based on these weather characteristics and numerical model data, the neural network makes a short-term forecast of the wind speed module at the point. In the current state, our model outperforms the persistent forecast. In the future, the results can be improved by adjusting hyperparameters and introducing the ability to use the result of numerical models as a basis for the final forecast.

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Primary authors

Viktor Golikov Mikhail Krinitskiy (Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences)

Presentation materials